1.Who among the following was propounder of the Madhyamika Philosophy?
[A]Bhadrabahu [B]Parshwanath [C]Sheelbhadra [D]Nagarjuna
Nagarjuna (ca. 2nd or 3rd century) was a patriarch of Mahayana and the founder of Madhyamika School.
2.Which of the following Rigvedic deities represented Storm?
[A]Indra [B]Maruts [C]Varun [D]Apas
Maruts Aryans, The Vedic Age – Religion : They personified force of nature and worshipped them as Vayu (air), Maruts (storm), Indra (rain), Varuna (water), Surya (sun), Agni (fire), Prithvi (earth), Aranyani (forest) etc.
- The place Dharanikota in South India is related to which ancient dynasty
[A]Chola [B]Satavahana [C]Pandya [D]Chera
Satavahana Dharanikota is a town near Amaravati in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh in India, It is the site of the ancient Dhanyakataka which was the capital of the Satavahana kingdom which ruled in the Deccan around the 1st to 3rd centuries A.D.
- Pushkalavati was capital of which of the following acient Kingdoms? [A]Gandhara [B]Kosal [C]Magadha [D]Kashi
Gandhara Pushkalavati was capital of ancient Kingdom of Gandhara. Its ruins are currently located in Charsadda, Pakistan, located in Peshawar valley in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (formerly NWFP). Pushkalavati was home of the Sanskrit grammarian Panini.
- “_____________is believed to mark the main site of Hastinapur, which was capital of Kauravas and Pandava The imperial gazetteer of India quotes about which of the following places?
[A] Delhi [B] Ghaziabad [C] Meerut [D] Faridabad
- “Revere all the Buddhas, revere the dharma, revere the sangha” Which among the following quotes this _________?
[A]Allahabad Pillar Inscription [B]Asoka Edict XII [C]Asoka Edict X [D]Mathura Lion capital
Mathura Lion capital
7.What was the capital of Surasena Mahajanpada?
[A]Viratnagar [B]Mathura [C]Taxila [D]Kashi
- In which of the following Russo-Persian wars Russia was defeated? [A]first [B]second [C]third [D]none
None There was a series of 4 Russo-Persian wars in 1722-23, 1796, 1804, 1826-28 and all of the Russia was victorious.
9.World’s first oil paintings have been found in which of the following countries?
[A]India [B]Pakistan [C]Afghanistan [D]Iran
Afghanistan, Bamiyan caves
10. Begram in Afghanistan was a capital of which of the following kings?
[A]Kanishka [B]Asoka [C]Chandragupta Maurya [D]Samudragupta
11.Which among the following is the correct location of an ancient site Deh Morsai Ghundai?
[A]Northern Pakistan [B]Eastern Persia [C]Modern Turkey [D]Afghanistan
12.At which among the following sites the where first evidence of cultivation of cotton has been found?
[A]Piklihal [B]Hathonora [C]Nal [D]Ghaligai
13.At which of the following sites, largest variety of food grains in the Chalcolithic age has been found?
[A]Navdatoli [B]Gilund [C]Adamgarh [D]Banahali
- Consider the following statements:
- First human like appearance was in Australopithecus
- First known Homo species is Homo heidelbergensis
Which among the above statements is / are correct ?
[A]1 only [B]2 only [C]both [D]none
1 only First known Homo species is Homo habilis
- Consider the following statements:
- Both Ramapithecus & Shivapithecus have been considered the earliest ancestors of modern human beings
- While Ramapithecus is a male fossil, Shivapithecus is a female fossil
Which among the above statements is / are correct ?
[A]1 only [B]2 only [C]Both [D]None
16.In which state of India, the first Paleolithic site was discovered?
[A]Jammu & Kashmir [B]Rajasthan [C]Madhya Pradesh [D]Karnataka
Karnataka The first evidence of the Stone Age culture in India surfaced in Karnataka as early as in 1842 when Dr. Primrose discovered polished stone knives and arrow heads at Lingsugur in Raichur district of Karnataka.
- Which among the following age marks a very distinct growth in population of Human beings compared to other ages? [A]Lower paleolithic age [B]Upper Paleolithic Age [C]Mesolithic age [D]Neolithic Age Mesolithic age
18. What is the number of prehistoric rock shelters in Bhimbetka? [A]221 [B]243 [C]268 [D]289
19.The earliest evidence of domestication of animals has been provided by Adamagarh. In which of the following states is located Adamgarh ? [A]Rajasthan [B]Madhya Pradesh [C]Gujarat [D]Maharastra Madhya Pradesh
- The oldest evidence in human history for the drilling of teeth in a living person was found in which of the followingcultures? [A]Ahar banas [B]Mehrgarh [C]Sohn Valley [D]MalwaMehrgarh
21.The Gufkral chalcolithic site is located in which state?
[A]Rajasthan [B]Jammu & Kashmir [C]Karnataka [D]Uttarakhand Jammu & Kashmir
- At which of the following sites, all the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic sites have been found in sequence? [A]Sarai Nahar Rai [B]Kurnool Valley [C]Belan Valley [D]Ahar Belan Valley
- Bring out the only incorrect statement:
[A]Jorwe culture was most prominent in Maharashtra [B]Hathonora is a site where a true hominid fossil was found [C]The Earliest evidence of Rice cultivation has come from Belan Valley [D]The people of all sites in Rajasthan during the Neolithic age were aware of Bricks Ans The people of all sites in Rajasthan during the Neolithic age were aware of
Bricks D is the incorrect statement. People of Gilund in Rajasthan were NOT aware of bricks 24.Which of the following are two works of Kalidasa?
- Raghuvamsha and Kiratarjuniya [B] Kumara Sambhav and Raghuvamsha [C]Malti Madhava and Kumara Sambhava [D]Malti Madhav and Kumara Sambhava
Kumar Sambhava and Raghuvamsha
Kalidasa was one of the gems of the court of Gupta king Chandragupta II (375–415 CE). The poems he wrote were usually of epic proportions and were written in classical Sanskrit. He wrote two epic poems called Kumara sambhava, which means birth of Kumara and the Raghuvamsha, which means dynasty of Raghu. There are also two lyric poems written by Kalidasa known as Meghadutta that stands for cloud messenger and the Ritusamhara that means description of the seasons. Meghadutta is one of the finest works of Kalidasa in terms of world literature. The beauty of the continuity in flawless Sanskrit is unmatched till date. The most famous and beautiful work of Kalidasa is the Shakuntalam. It is the second play of Kalidasa after he wrote Malavikagnimitra. The Shakuntalam tells the story of king Dushyant who falls in love with a beautiful girl Shakuntala, who happens to be the daughter of a saint.
25.Who was the first Indo-Greek king, who became Buddhist?
[A]Antiochus II [B]Apollodotus I [C]Apollodotus II [D]Menander II Menander II
Menander II was the Indo-Greek king who established a large empire in the South Asia and became a patron of Buddhism.
26.Who among the following built the Gomateshwara statue at Sravanabelagola ?
[A]Chandragupta Maurya [B] Kharvela [C] Amoghavarsha [D] Chamundaraya
Chamundaraya Bahubali also called Gomateshwara was an Arihant. According to Jainism, he was the second of the hundred sons of the first Tirthankara, Rishabha and king of Podanpur. A monolithic statue of Bahubali referred to as “Gommateshvara” built by the Ganga dynasty minister and commander Chamundaraya is a 60 feet (18 m) monolith and is situated above a hill in Shravanabelagola, in the Hassan district of Karnataka. It was built in the 10th centurAD.
- Which among the following Mudra is the gesture of Buddha as depicted in his first sermon? [A] Abhaya Mudra [B] Dhyana Mudra [C] Dharmachakra Mudra [D] Bhumisparsa Mudra
Dharmachakra Mudra The sermon Buddha gave to the five monks was his first sermon, called the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta. The Seated Buddha from Gandhara is an early statue of the Buddha made in Gandhara, in modern Pakistan, in the 2nd or 3rd century The pose, which was to become one of a number of standard ones, shows Buddha as a teacher setting the wheel of Dharma in motion (Dharmachakra Mudra). Buddha did this following his enlightenment and after delivering his first sermon at the deer park at Sarnath near Varanasi in Uttar p. 28.Which of the following inscriptions mentions the name of Kalidasa?
[A] Allahabad pillar inscription [B] Aihole inscription [C] Alapadu grant [D] Hanumakonda inscription
Aihole inscription written by the Badami Chalukyas King, Pulakesin II who reigned from 610 to 642 CE and was a follower of Jainism. This valuable inscription discovered in the Meguti temple near Aihole (Bijapur district in Karnataka). The inscription is in the Sanskrit language, which uses the old Kannada script. The accounts of Pulkeshi’s campaigns are provided in the Aioli inscription dated 634 AD. It was composed by his court poet Ravikirti. Bharavi, who is associated with the Pallavas of Kanchi along with Kalidasa is mentioned in the famous Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II.
- By whom Pallava King Mahendravarman-I got defeated? [A]Pulakesin II [B]Vikramaditya II [C]Yajnavarman [D]Pulakesin I
Pulakesin II The Pallava King Mahendravarman I got defeated by the Chalukya King Pulakesin II. Though, Narasimhavarman I (the son of Mahendravarman I) took the revenge of his father from Pulakesin II by defeating and killing him in the Battle of Vatapi in 642 AD and captured the Chalukyan capital, Vatapi. Thus, he assumed the title of
‘Vatapikonda’ (Conqueror of Vatapi).
30.Who was the author of Dashkumarcharitam and at whose court did he live?
[A]Dandin, Nandivarman II [B]Bharavi, Nandivarman II [C]Appar, Dandivarman I [D]Bharavi, Narsimhavarman I
Dandin, Nandivarman II Dashkumarcharitam was composed by Dandin, who was a Sanskrit author of prose romances and expounder on poetics in the 6th-7th century. Both Bharavi and Dandin, the authors of Kiratarjuniyam and Dasakumarcharitam respectively, lived in the Pallava court.
31.The famous Konark Sun temple was built by whom?
[A]Narshimhadeva I [B]Angabhima deva I [C]Konkanivarman [D]Narsimhavarman II
Narshimhadeva I The 13th-century famous Konark Sun temple was built by King Narshimhadeva I (of the Eastern Ganga dynasty) at Konark, Odisha around AD1250.
32.Who was the founder of Ganga dynasty?
[A]Konkanivarman [B]Narshimhadeva I [C]Narsimhavarman II [D]Vikramaditya II Konkanivarman was the founder of Ganga dynasty. He was known as Dharmamahadhiraja.
- The Kadamba dynasty was founded by whom? [A]Konkanivarman [B]Kirtisarman [C]Mayurasharma [D]Yajnavarman
Mayurasharma The Kadamba dynasty was founded by Mayurasharma in 345 AD. It was an ancient royal dynasty of Karnataka that ruled northern Karnataka and the Konkan from their capital Banavasi ( at present that place is a Uttara Kannada district).
34.Which among the following chalukyan king performed ‘Ashwamedha yajna’ ?
[A]Pulakesin I [B]Pulakesin II [C]Vishnuvardhan [D]Kirtivarman I
Pulakesin I, the chalukya king, performed Ashwamedha Yajna (horse sacrifice ceremony) to access power.
35.Which among the following Pallava king wrote the famous burlesque ‘Mattavilasa Prahasana’ ?
[A]Mahendravarman I [B]Narsimhavarman [C]Narsimhavarman II [D]Paramesvar Varman
Mahendravarman I The versatile Pallava ruler and great scholar Mahendravarman I wrote the famous burlesque Mattavilasa Prahasana (the Sport of Drunkards). It is a short one-act Sanskrit play.
36.Dashkumarcharitam was composed by whom? [A]Bharavi [B]Dandin [C]Varahmihira [D]Kalidas
Dandin Dashkumarcharitam was composed by Dandin, who was a Sanskrit author of prose romances and expounder on poetics in the 6th-7th century. The book, Dashkumarcharitam is a prose romance in Sanskrit that describes the adventures of ten young men, the Kumaras, all of whom are either princes or sons of royal ministers, as narrated by the men themselves.
- Who among the following was the author of Kiratarjuniya? A]Bharavi [B]Dandin [C]Varahmihira [D]Kalidasa
Bharavi, a 6th century Sanskrit poet , was the author of Kiratarjuniya (“Arjuna and the Mountain Man”).
- Who among the following Pallava ruler built Vaikuntaperumal temple at Kanchi ?
[A]Nandivarman II [B]Aparajita [C]Mahendrvarman I [D]Vikramaditta II
Nandivarman II Vaikunta Perumal Temple was built by Pallava King Nandivarman-II in the 8th century, he was a worshipper of Lord Vishnu.
39.Who among the following Pallava ruler built the Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram?
[A]Narsimhavarman II [B]Nandivarman II [C]Aparajita [D]Mahendravarman I
Narsimhavarman II The Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram and Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram built by Pallava ruler Narasimhavarman II.
40.Who took the title of Vatapikonda ?
[A]Narsimhavarman I [B]Simhavishnu [C]Mahendravarman I [D]Nandivarman II
Narsimhavarman The Pallava King Narsimhavarman I assumed the title of ‘Vatapikonda’ (Conqueror of Vatapi), when he defeated and killed Pulakesin II (Chalukya King) and captured the Chalukyan capital, Badami in 642 AD.
41.What was the ruling period of Chalukyas of Badami ?
[A]500 – 550 A.D. [B]550 – 650 A.D. [C]543 – 757 A.D. [D]545 – 700 A.D.
- Who among the following Chalukyan king sent an ambassador to Persian king Khusrau II ? [A]Pulakesin I [B]Pulakesin II [C]Kirtivarman I [D]Vishnuvardhan
Pulakesin II The Chalukyan king, Pulakesin II sent an ambassador to the Persian king Khusrau II in 625 A.D. and received one from him.
- Which Chalukyan ruler set up it capital at Vengi ?
Vishnuvardhan The son of Pulakesin II, Vishnuvardhan established the eastern branch of the chalukyas with it’s capital first at Pistapur and later at Vengi.
- Which of the following Pallava rulers invaded the Chalukya Kingdom and captured Badami ? [A]Narsimhavarman I [B]Kirtivarman [C]Vishnuvardhan [D]Mahendravarnan I
Narsimhavarman I In the Battle of Vatapi, the Pallava ruler Narsimhavarman I defeated and killed Pulakesin II and captured the Chalukyan capital, Badami in 642 AD. Thus, he assumed the title of ‘Vatapikonda’ (Conqueror of Vatapi).
- Who was the author of Aihole Inscription ? [A]Ravikirti [B]Hiuen Tsang [C]Bharavi n[D]Dandin
Ravikirti Aihole Inscription is a eulogy written by Ravikirti who was the court poet of Chalukya King Pulakesin II.
46.Who was the founder of Chalukya Dynasty ? [A]Vishnuvardhan [B]Pulakesin I [C]Kirtivarman I [D]Pulakesin II
Pulakesin I The founder of Chalukya dynasty, Pulakesin I established a small kingdom with Badami (or Vatapi) as its capital in Bijapur District, Karnataka .
47.Who among the following wrote ‘Nagananda’? [A]Banabhatta [B]Simhanada [C]Pulakesin II [D]Harshavardhana
Harshavardhana nThe emperor of Vardhana dynasty, Harshavardhana wrote a play ‘Nagananda’. It describes the story of the Jimutavahana’s self-sacrifice to save the Nagas. It has an enlightening Buddhist legend for its subject and is one of the best works of the Indian Drama.
- During reign of Harsha, the Kannauj assembly was held to publicise the doctrines of which of the following sects? [A]Mahayana [B]Hinayana [C]Theravada [D]Svetambara
Mahayana The Kannauj assembly (643 AD) was held in the honour of Hieun Tsang (Chinese pilgrim) and to popularise Mahayana sect of Buddhism.Harshavardhana was a Mahayana Buddhist. He organised Kannauj assembly (643 AD) to popularise Mahayana sect of Buddhism. Though, he was a tolerant ruler and supported all Indic faiths viz. Buddhism, Vedism and Jainism. The scholars regarded him as the last great Hindu emperor of India, who ruled over Northern India.
- Which of the following Chinese emperors was contemporary of Harshavardhana?
[A]Taizong [B]Wu Zetian [C]Ruizong [D]Xuanzong Taizong In 641 AD Harshavardhan sent an envoy to Taizong (Tai-Tsung), the Tang emperor of China and in return, the Chinese ruler sent three embassies to Harsha court.
50.The Chalukya king, Pulakesin II defeated Harshavardhan on the banks of which river?
[A]Narmada [B]Kaveri [C]Niranjana [D]Rijupalika
Narmada Chalukya king Pulakesin II had defeated Harshavardhan on the banks of River Narmada in 618 AD. Pulakeshin, who ruled from the Chalukyan capital of Badami, challenged Harsha’s conquests. The former had established himself as ‘lord paramount’ of the south, as Harsha had of the north. Unwilling to tolerate the existence of a powerful rival in the south, Harsha had marched from Kanauj with a huge force. Such was Pulakeshin’s efficiency in guarding the passes of the Narmada that Harsha was compelled to accept the river as the demarcation and retire from the field of battle after losing a major part of his elephant force.