100 MCQ On Ancient History
1. Which of the following Vedas deals with magic spells and witchcraft?
(a) Rigveda(b) Samaveda(c) Yajurveda(d) Atharvaveda
2. The later Vedic Age means the age of the compilation of
(a) Samhitas(b) Brahmanas(c) Aranyakas(d) All the above
3. The Vedic religion along with its Later (Vedic) developments is actually known
(a) Hinduism(b) Brahmanism(c) Bhagavatism(d) Vedic Dharma
4. The Vedic Aryans first settled in the region of
(a) Central India(b) Gangetic Doab V (c) Saptasindhu(d) Kashmir and Punjab
5. Which of the following contains the famous Gayatrimantra?
(a) Rigveda(b) Samaveda(c) Kathopanishad(d) Aitareya Brahmana
6. The famous Gayatrimantra is addressed to
(a) Indra (b) Varuna(c) Pashupati(d) Savita
7. Two highest ,gods in the Vedic religion were
(a) Agni and Savitri(b) Vishnu and Mitra(c) Indra and Varuna(d) Surya and
8. Division of the Vedic society into four classes is clearly mentioned in the
(a) Yajurveda(b) Purusa-sukta of Rigveda(c) Upanishads(d) Shatapatha
9. This Vedic God was ‘a breaker of the forts’ and also a ‘war god’
(a) Indra(b) Yama(c) Marut(d) Varuna
10. The Harappan or Indus Valley Civilisation flourished during the ____ age.
(a) Megalithic(b) Paleolithic(c) Neolithic(d) Chalcolithic
11. The first metal to be extensively used by the people in India was
(a) Bronze(b) Copper(c) Iron(d) Tin
12. Which of the following civilisations is net associated with the Harappan Civilisation?
(a) Mesopotamian(b) Egyptian(c) Sumerian(d) Chinese
13. Of the following scholars who was the first to discover the traces of the HarappanCivilisation?
(a) Sir John Marshall(b) RD Banerji(c) A Cunningham(d) Daya Ram Sahani
14. The Harappan Civilisation achieved far greater advancement than Sumer, Elam etc. on account of its
(a) town planning(b) metal working(c) weights and measures(d) seals and figures
15. The town planning in the Harappan Civilisation was inspired by a regard for
(a) beauty and utility(b) uniformity(c) sanitation and public health(d) demographic factor
16. The Indus or Harappan Civilisation is distinguished from the other contemporary civilisations by its
(a) town planning(b) underground drainage system(c) uniformity of weights and measures(d) large agricultural surplus
17. Match the location of the following Harappan sites:
A. Ropar (i) Uttar Pradesh
B. Alamgirpur (ii) Punjab
C. Kalibangan (iii) Gujarat
D. Dholavira (iv) Rajasthan
E. Banawali (v) Haryana
A B C D E
(a) ii i iv iii v(b) i ii iii iv v(c) ii i iii iv v(d) ii iii I v iv
18. The date of the Harappan Civilisation (2300-1750 BC) has been fixed on the basis of
(a) Pottery design(b) Stratification(c) Aryan invasion(d) Radio Carbon-14 dating
19. Most of the large Harappan towns had for fortifications which served the purpose of
(a) safety from robbers(b) protection against cattle raiders(c) protection against floods(d) All the above
20. Cereal(s) grown by the people of the Harappan Civilisation was/were
(a) Wheat(b) Rice(c) Millet(d) All the above
21. The utensils of the Indus Valley people were mainly made of
(a) clay(b) copper(c) bronze(d) brass
22. Which of the following metals was not known to the Indus valley people?
(a) gold(b) silver(c) copper(d) iron
23. Which of the following objects was not worshipped by the Indus valley people
(a) Mother Goddess(b) Pashupati Shiva(c) Trees such as Peepal and Acacia(d) Trimurti
24. At which of the following Harappan sites has a supposed dockyard been found?
(a) Kalibangan(b) Lothal(c) Suktagendor(d) Sotka Koli
25. The economy of the Indus Valley people was based on?
(a) Agriculture(b) Trade and Commerce(c) Crafts(d) All the above
26. The Harappan Civilisation declined as a result of
(a) Aryan invasion(b) Decline in foreign trade(c) Ecological factors(d) Not definitely known factors
27. The most common animal figure found at all the Harappan sites is
(a) unihorn bull(b) cow(c) bull(d) tiger
28. The term Aryan, Indo-Aryan or Indo-European denotes a _____concept?
(a) Linguistic(b) Racial(c) Religious(d) Cultural
29. According to the most widely accepted view, the Aryans originally came from
(a) India(b) Central Asia(c) Central Europe(d) Steppes of Russia
30. Which of the following Vedas was compiled first?
(a) Rigveda(b) Samaveda(c) Yajurveda(d) Atharvaveda
31. The Vedic economy was based on
(a) trade and commerce(b) crafts and industries(c) agriculture and cattle rearing(d) all the above
32. The normal form of government during the Vedic period was
(a) democracy(b) republics(c) oligarchy(d) monarchy
33. Two popular Assemblies of the Vedic period were
(a) Sabha and Mahasabha(b) Mahasabha and Ganasabha
(c) Sabha and Samiti(d) Ur and Kula
34. The Indo-Greek Kingdom set up in north Afghanistan in the beginning of the secondcentury BC was
(a) Scythia(b) Zedrasia(c) Bactria(d) Aria
35. The beat specimens of Mauryan art are represented by their
(a) Stupas(b) Pillars(c) Chaityas(d) Caves
36. Which of the following does not represent an important source material for theMauryan period?
(a) Literary works(b) Foreign accounts(c) Numismatic evidence(d) Epigraphic sources
37. According to Strabo, the Tamil kingdom to first send emissaries to meet Augustin in Athens in 20 BC, was
(a) Pallava(b) Chola(c) Pandya(d) Chera
38. Who among the following was the founder of the Nanda dynasty?
(a) Mahapadma Nanda(b) Ashoka Nanda(c) Dhana Nanda(d) None of the above
39. The word ‘Veda’ has been derived from the root word ‘Vid’ which means
(a) Divinity(b) Sacredness(c) Doctrine(d) Knowledge
40. The Kushan rule was brought to an end by
(a) The Nagas(b) The Britishers(c) Samudragupta(d) The Hindu Shahi Dynasty
41. Ashoka has been particularly Influenced by the Buddhist monk
(a) Ambhi(b) Upagupta(c) Asvaghosha(d) Vasubandhu
42. During Kanishka’s reign, the centre of political activity shifted from Magadha to
(a) Delhi(b) Ayodhya(c) Kannauj(d) Purushapura (Peshawar)
43. Which of the following have Sanskrit language?
(a) Kushanas(b) Mauryas(c) Guptas(d) Indo-Greeks
44. Who had got the Konark Sun Temple constructed?
a) Kanishka(b) Ashoka(c) Narasimha Deva II(d) Rajendra Chola
45. Which one of the following sculptures invariably used green schist as the medium?
(a) Maurya sculpture (b) Mathura sculptures(c) Bharhut sculptures(d) Gandhara sculptures
46. Who among the following is known for his work on medicine during the Gupta period?
(a) Saumilla(b) Sudraka(c) Shaunaka(d) Susrutha
47. In the context of ancient Indian society, which one of the following terms does notbelong to the category of the other three?
(a) Kula(b) Vamsa(c) Kosa(d) Gotra
48. Who wrote Mrichchhakatika (Clay Cart)?
(a) Akbar(b) Kalidas(c) Sudraka(d) Dandin
49. After the partition of India, the largest number of Harappan towns and settlementshave been found In
(a) Punjab(b) Haryana(c) Gujarat(d) Uttar PradeshAns: (c)
50. The Indus Valley civilisation can be said to belong to the
(a) Paleolithic age(b) Primitive age(c) Neolithic age(d) Bronze age
51. Who among the following used to hold a religious assembly at Prayag every five year?
(a) Ashoka(b) Harshvardhana(c) Kanishka(d) Chandragupta Vikramaditya
52. Gautam Buddha as a prince was known as
(a) Gautam(b) Siddhartha(c) Rahul(d) Suddhodhana
53. The Jatakas are a collection of stories
(a) Meant for children(b) Based on pet Hindu myths(c) About Jains saints(d) Pertaining to several different earlier births of the Buddha
54. Architectural developments In India manifested themselves In their full glory during the period of the
(a) Guptas(b) Nandas(c) Mauryas(d) Cholas
55. The deep transforming effect that the Kalinga War had on Ashoka has been describedin
(a) Archaeological excavations(b) Rock edicts (c) Coins (d) Pillar edicts
56. The proud title of ‘Vikramaditya’ had been assumed by
(a) Harsha(b) Chandragupta II(c) Kanishka(d) Samudragupta
57. In which region was the first metallic coin used In India?
(a) The Indo-Gangetic plain of central India(b) The Himalayas(c) Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh(d) The Deccan Plateau
58. Which of the following was the first metal to be discovered and used as tools by humans?
(a) Iron(b) Gold(c) Tin (d) Copper
59. The philosophy propounded in the Upanishads is known as
(a) Advaita(b) Vedanta(c) Yoga(d) Samkhya
60. After the growth of the Vedic religion the most important development in the history ofthe so-called Hinduism was the development of
(a) Shaivism(b) Saktism(c) Bhagavatism(d) Tantricism
61. Bhagavatiam refers to worship of
(a) Vasudeva Krishna(b) Brahma(c) Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva(d) Durga as Shakti
62. Vaishnavism, a later development of Bhagavatism, advocates the worship of
(a) Vishnu(b) Ram and Krishna(c) Vishnu and his incarnations(d) Vishnu and Lakshmi
63. The Hindu social sacraments such as marriage etc. are performed on the basis of the rituals described in the
(a) Rigveda(b) Yajurveda(c) Grihyasutras(d) Upanishad
64. The founder of Jainism was
(a) Rishbha(b) Neminath(c) Parsvanatha(d) Vardhaman Mahavira
65. Vardhamana Mahavira the 24th Tirthankar of Jainism was born at ____ and died at____.
(a) Vaishali and Rajagriha(b) Kusinara and Pava(c) Kundagrama and Pava(d) Kashi and Champa
66. The ‘Three Jewels’ (Triratnas) of Jainism are
(a) right faith or intentions, right knowledge and right conduct(b) right action, right livelihood and right effort
(c) right thoughts, non-violence and non-attachment(d) right speech, right thinking and right behavior
67. Of the five vows (Panch Anuvratas) of Jainism, four existed before Mahavira. The one which he added was
(a) not to kill (non-injury)(b) not to steal(c) non-attachment to worldly things(d) celibacy
68. In Jainism the aim of life is to attain Nirvana or Moksha for which one has to
(a) follow three jewels and five vows(b) practice, non-violence and non-injury to all living beings
(c) renounce the world and attain right knowledge(d) believe in the Jains and absolute non-violence
69. Jainism was divided into two sects – Swetambaras (White-clad) and Digambaras (clad or naked) –
During the reign of the
(a) Nandas(b) Mauryas(c) Kusanas(d) Shungas
70. The name Buddha means
(a) enlightened(b) learned(c) divine(d) sacred
71. Match the events of the Buddha’s life with the place a of their occurrence:
A. Birth (i) Kusinagar B. Attainment of knowledge (ii) Sarnath C. First Sermon (iii) Bodh-Gaya D. Death (iv) Lumbini
A B C D
(a) i ii iii iv(b) ii i iv iii(c) iii ii i iv(d) iv iii ii I
72. Buddhism was divided into Mahayana and Hinayana during the reign of
(a) Asoka(b) Kanishka(c) Menander(d) Harsha
73. The great exponent of Mahayana Buddhism was
(a) Ashvaghosa(b) Vasubandhu(c) Nagarjuna (d) Nagasena
74. Jatakas are the stories of
(a) Buddha’s life(b) Buddha’s previous lives(c) The lives of the future Buddhas(d) Great saints of Buddhism
75. Outside India, Buddhism was first accepted in
(a) China(b) Japan(c) Sri Lanka(d) Tibet
76. In the sixth century BC northern India was divided into
(a) sixteen great states(b) eight republican states(c) both (a) and (b) above(d) Anga and Magadha
77. Of all the states in northern India in 6th century BC which of the following states merged as the most powerful?
(a) Anga(b) Magadha(c) Kashi(d) Kosala
78. When Alexander invaded India, Magadha was being ruled by the
(a) Haryankas(b) Sisunagas(c) Nandas(d) Mauryas
79. Chandragupta Maurya with the help of Chanakya decided to overthrow the Nandasbecause
(a) Chanakya had been humiliated by the Nandas(b) the Nandas were low-born
(c) the Nandas had accumulated a great deal of wealth by extortion and oppression of the People
(d) Chanakya wanted to restore the ideal of Kshatriya rule
80. The decline of the Nandas at the hands of Kautilya and Chandragupta Maurya has
been vividly portrayed in the Sanakrit play written by Kalidasa
(a) Mudrarakshas(b) Devichandragupta(c) Malavikagnimitram(d) Mrichhakatika
81. Kautilya (also known as Vishnugupta and Chanakya) is the author of Arthasastra which has been compared with
(a) Plato’s State(b) Machiavelli’s Prince(c) Karl Marx’s Das Kapital(d) Hitler’s Mein Kampf
82. Megasthanes, the ambassador of Selucus at the Mauryan court in Pataliputra, wrote an account of the period in his book
(a) Travels of Megasthanes(b) Indika(c) Indicoplecusts(d) Both (b) and (c)
83. Which of the following is the single most important source of the history of Ashoka?
(a) Sri Lankan chronicles Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa(b) Buddhist works Divyavadana and Ashokavadana
(c) Inscriptions of Ashoka(d) Archaeological Sources and the Puranas
84. After the Kalinga War, Ashoka decided never to wage any war because?
(a) After the conquest of Kalinga the political unity of Mauryan India had been achieved
(b) Ashoka felt apologetic about the destruction of men and material on both sides in thewar
(c) He was moved by the violence, slaughter and sufferings to the combatants and noncombatants
in the war(d) Shortly after the war he adopted Buddhism which was opposed to violence
85. In his inscriptions Ashoka called himself
(a) Devanampriya Priyadarshi King(b) Ashoka Priyadarshi(c) Dhammasoka (Dharmasoka)(d) Daivaputra
86. Ashoka’s claim to be one of the greatest rulers in world history life in the fact that
(a) his aims covered both the religious and secular aspects of life
(b) he worked for the material moral and spiritual uplift of the people
(c) after a single conquest he dedicated himself completely to the cause of peace
(d) he attempted to unify the people of different castes and communities into a bound of
common moral ideal
87. The moat important official post with vast responsibilities created by Asoka was
(a) Rajuka(b) Yukta(c) Dharamamahamatya(d) Prativedaka
88. The Mauryan sculptors had attained the highest perfection in the carving of
(a) floral designs(b) pillars(c) animal figures(d) yaksha figures
89. The most striking feature of the Ashokan pillars is their
(a) monolithic structure(b) carving(c) polish(d) uniformity of workmanship
90. Which of the following was not one of the actual cause for the decline of the Mauryanempire?
(a) Ashoka’s pacifist policies(b) Division of the empire after Ashoka
(c) Foreign aggressions particularly Greek(d) Economic and financial crisis
91. Who usurped power from the Mauryas after killing the last Mauryan ruler Brihadratha?
(a) Pushyamitra Sunga(b) Agnimitra(c) Vasumitra(d) Jyesthamitra
92. The most famous Indo-Greek ruler of India, famous for his sense of Justice and dialogues with a Buddhist monk Nagasena (as described in the Buddhist work MilindaPanho) was
(a) Demetrius(b) Menander(c) Eukratises(d) Heliocles
93. The first great empire to the south of the Vindhayas was of the
(a) Cholas(b) Cheras(c) Pandyas(d) Satavahanas
94. The greatest claim to fame of the Satavahanas is on account of
(a) Pursuing a tolerant religious policy and giving common patronage to Buddhism andBrahmanism
(b) Adoption of Prakrit as their court language in preference to Sanskrit
(c) Great economic prosperity and brisk inland and foreign trade
(d) Great contribution to Indian art as evident from the art of Amravati andNagarjunakonda
95. Mohenjo-Daro is situated in
(a) Montgomery district(b) Larkana district(c) Chandigarh area(d) Gujarat
96. Which of the following is the oldest of the Vedas?
(a) Sama Veda(b) Atharva Veda(c) Yajur Veda (d) Rig Veda
97. The family of the Rig Vedic Aryans was
(a) Patrilineal(b) Patriarchal(c) Matriarchal(d) Matrilineal
98. Gautama Buddha was brought up by
(a) Mahaprajapati(b) Mayadevi(c) Kundavi(d) Sangamitra
99. Mahavira was
(a) the 20th Tirthankara(b) the 21st Tirthankara(c) the 23rd Tirthankara(d) the 24th Tirthankara
100. The Phrsae the ‘Light of Asia’ is applied to
(a) Alexander(b) Chandragupta Maurya(c) Mahavira (d) The Buddha